Date: 11 Jan 2022 796 Views

Kilims are flatweaves that originated in Anatolia and Caucasus and slowly became popular in Turkey, Iran, and other Persian countries along with China, Pakistan and Central Asian regions. In these regions, the primitive weaving process started becoming common compared to what you know today as oriental hand-knotted rugs.

The Kilim rug masterpieces hold prominence because of their Middle-Eastern roots, serving nomadic herders of that region with a unique combination of blankets, pillow covers, seat mats, and more. 

Several centuries ago, nomadic and semi-nomadic traders from Anatolia and Caucasus travelled eastward to Mughal empires and states of India and Pakistan, spreading the cultural revolution of flat weave Kilims described with symbols (motifs) bestowing one with an awestruck charm. 

On top of that, a world-known superstitious attribute is attached to these motifs (tribal symbols) on meticulously crafted Kilim rugs, holding actual meaning and power to be a protective eye. 

Ranging from Hands on Hips, Stars, Chests, Love to Earrings, Burdock (fend off the evil eye), weavers have timely and relevant prowess in weaving these rugs that draw instant luck, love, and charm to your homes. 

The Weaving Technique For Kilim Rugs

The weaving of Kilim is an interesting tale. Such rugs are of tapestry weaves, called “Gilim” in Turkey. Their technique is termed weft-faced tapestry, the pileless production where horizontal wefts are threaded precisely over vertical warps. Often thinner with just the warp and weft, kilims differ from carpets as the knotting is absent (except for the Nakhunakh Berjesta kilim). The weaving, however, can take place in several different ways and each tribe had their unique weaving which contributed to different styles(slit weave for example) and durability (floor coverings vs saddlebags).

Weavers use the weaving comb in this process. It ends up compressing the horizontal wefts vertically to cover the remaining warps. 

Expert and seasoned artisans manipulate the designs and colours, purposefully packing the weft tightly.

The Patterns of Kilim Rugs

With the slitweave technique, crafters bring a geometrically linear pattern to Kilim rugs. Originally, colourful imprints of these rugs can achieve their beauty from plant and mineral extracts rendering a luxurious and vibrant tribute to your living spaces. 

It’s similar to the contemporary patterns and design of Persian carpets, though. And has about 14 warp threads and 16 weft threads in general. 

What is a Kilim made up of?

To produce and weave a Kilim into a rug, weavers need a loom, a shuttle (but that’s optional), a beating comb, scissors/knives. Apart from these simple tools, the primary material in a Kilim is 100% original and organic wool, fibre, or hair required for the entire interlocking of wefts and warps. 

Additionally, weavers in different countries use silk, animal hair, and cotton complementary to wool. Their artistic attempt to make every Kilim and its rug unique, beautifying it to the last thread, compels them to use gold/silver threads and beads too. But that’s not very regular. 

The utilitarian status of Kilim rugs

The functional status of Kilims drew Westerners' attention from foreign travel, inviting them to explore Turkey and Caucasus more frequently. 

Traditionally, Kilims carpets were used as dowry items, meeting several purposes for the bride at her in-law’s house. They primarily used Kilim for daily prayers, for instance. But it never was considered a masterpiece to add new value to their décor. 

Comparatively, today these rugs are creating hype for being oriental collectables because of the artistic motifs. These Anatolian kilim carpets also add exponential value to your private rooms, being a steady and preferred component of interior décor.

Major takeaway on Kilim rugs:

Kilim rugs are style and status symbols for your interiors for reasons including their versatility, ever-evolving trends, and a narrative of eye-catching motifs with guaranteed longevity.